Causes, Symptoms & Stem Cell Treatment for Brain Strokes

UPDATED July 02, 2019 – Stroke is a term to describe an interruption of blood flow and oxygen to parts of the brains.  Once the gray matter in brain cell stops getting enough oxygen and nutrients needed to survive, cell death begins. In the human mind, Grey matter contains the majority of neuronal cell bodies and are responsible for managing many functions such as emotions, muscle control, hearing, decision making, sensory perceptions, memory, speech, and self-control.

Causes of Brain Strokesischemic-stroke-vs-hemorrhagic-stroke

There are two main types and causes of brain strokes. Sudden blocking of arteries can cause acute ischemic strokes or damage to blood vessels resulting in bursting or leaks can cause hemorrhagic strokes. Over 80-85% of strokes are ischemic, and about 10-15% of strokes are hemorrhagic.  Strokes caused by bleeding cause more damage and are more challenging to treat than ischemic. Some patients may have a very short disruption to the brain known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or “mini-strokes,” but these type of strokes are not as dangerous and might not permanent brain damage.

Ischemic Strokes

A stroke caused by blockage of the blood vessels that supply blood to our brain is known as an ischemic stroke and is generally the most common type of strokes we treat at the regeneration Centre of Thailand. There are two main classifications for ischemic strokes.

  • A thrombotic stroke occurs due to blood clots in the thrombus — this type of blood clot forms in the peripheral vascular system arteries that provide blood to the brain. Thrombus blood clots can be caused by multiple factors including atherosclerosis or plaque built up in arteries resulting in reduced blood flow to the brain.
  • Embolic strokes that occur when debris or a blood clot travels to the brain and gets stuck in the narrow arteries of the brain. Blood clots in the brain are called embolus, and theses clots usually form in the heart before they travel to the brain.

Acute Ischemic strokes are caused by blood clots or stenosis (narrowing of the blood arteries.) Stenosis if often caused by poor habits that lead to atherosclerosis causing thick artery walls, hardening, and also a loss of elasticity, which leads to decreasing blood flow. Other factors include a family history of strokes/genetics,  dementia, atrial fibrillation, heart disease, Congestive heart failurediabetes, high cholesterol, and Smoking.(24719869) . DNA tests are now available for genetic predisposition to strokes.

hemorrhagic-stroke-treatment-alteplaseHemorrhagic Strokes

A rupture in the blood vessels usually causes a hemorrhagic stroke. There are several causes for a hemorrhagic stroke, including aneurysms, weak spots on the arterial walls, and Hypertension, or High blood pressure. There are two main types of hemorrhagic strokes.

  • Intracerebral hemorrhaging occurs when the brain blood vessel leaks blood inside the brain
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhaging happen when bleeding brain membranes leak into the fluid-filled areas surrounding the brain.

Warning Signs & Symptoms of Strokes

The severity of the physical damage caused by a stroke depends on how much blood flow was restricted and for how long. Some visible and noticeable consequences of impaired brain function are:

  • Paralysis of the limbs
  • Loss of vision or hearing
  • Problems with speaking
  • Unable to walk properly
  • Dizziness

For most people, the symptoms of a stroke typically start without prior warning and can last from just a few seconds to a few minutes. Some fortunate patients recover quickly without further damage or issues buy for many this is not the case. The symptoms and warning signs often depend on which area of the brain gets affected. Severe strokes affect larger regions in the brain; thus, more physical functions are likely lost and can result in orthopedic injuries to knees, hips, hands, or shoulders due to falls.

Currently, the only traditional treatments of ischemic strokes require restoration of proper blood flow back into the affected area by using a mechanical device or thrombolytics that physically removes any brain clots. The use of thrombolytics is very beneficial if introduced a few hours after the patient displays stroke symptoms but not very useful; the longer a patient waits. This means that only a few stroke patients can take advantage of this therapy due to the timing requirements.

Risk Factors for Strokeshow-to-prevent-strokes

Several factors can increase or reduce a person’s risk of getting strokes. Some controllable risk factors for strokes include:

  • Lack of exercise
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Cigarette smoking & secondhand smoke
  • Use of drugs or unprescribed medications
  • Adverse reaction to Hormones or hormone replacement

Other medical related risk factors include:

  • Chronic Hypertension
  • Heart disease, previous heart attacks, heart infections or cardiac arrhythmia
  • Diabetes
  • Lung disease
  • High cholesterol
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Women and Strokes

Brain stroke kills twice as many women per year as breast cancer. Strokes are currently the third leading cause of death for women across the world, and for this reason, women should take the necessary steps by understanding the factors and making changes to reduce overall risk factors.

Some female-specific risk factors for having brain strokes include:

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Taking hormone contraceptives
  • Started Menopause before the age of forty-five
  • Started Menstruation before the age of ten
  • Low levels dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS) a hormone
  • Having other health problems, including migraines, UC, Fibromyalgia, or lupus. A history of having complications during pregnancy an also indicate the women might be a higher stroke risk. These complications can include hypertension and gestational diabetes during or after pregnancy.


Stroke Diagnosis

stroke-treament-tissue-plasminogen-activatorTo diagnose a stroke, a physician usually examines the patients’ pulse and breathing patterns. Among other things, blood pressure, frequency of heartbeat, and blood sugar are measured. The person affected and the relatives or relatives of the patient are asked about the history of the stroke patient, symptoms, and risk factors. It is especially helpful if the date of the first occurrence is known. A Physical examination can be used to detect paralysis, impaired consciousness, speech ability, as well as speech comprehension and emotional disorders. Unconscious patients may receive oxygen treatment via a tube in the trachea ( intubation ) along with IV bags for fluid and medications to be delivered by a hospitals stroke unit.

At the hospital, nerve function tests can help provide clues as to which parts of the brain are affected by the stroke and how severe the damage is. Blood collection and testing provide information on, among other things, blood counts, blood clotting, inflammatory parameters, and risk factors such as elevated cholesterol or blood glucose levels. The medical team can then use imaging techniques such as CT Scan (computed tomography ) or MRI scan (magnetic resonance tomography) to scrutinize the patient’s brain. The radiology scans are especially helpful to diagnose if the patient has an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke is present, detect circulatory disorders or existing cerebral hemorrhages. In addition, the cerebral vessels can be also be visualized by a CT angiography to detect blockages.

Other tests used to check the cause of the stoke, brain vessels affected by arteriosclerosis, narrowing, or thrombosis includes ultrasound or duplex sonogram. Carotid arteries are also checked for permeability and can be visualized using contrast medium on CT or MRI scan. To detect cardiac arrhythmias, an electrocardiogram (ECG) is used.

Treatments for Brain Strokes

Treatment for stroke depends on what type of stroke it is and what the underlying cause is. For ischemic strokes, doctors need to act quickly to restore blood flow to the brain and avoid further brain damage.

stem-cell-treatment-ischemic-strokeTreatment Protocol for Ischemic Strokes

Some medications for ischemic strokes can be used to try to break the clots inside the veins and must be given a few hours after a stroke.

  • IV (Intravenous injections) of alteplase or tPA (tissue plasminogen activator) can be delivered through veins in the arm. These stroke medications can help restores proper blood flow by dissolving any blood clots and help patients recover faster
  • Alteplase injections – Some patients with bleeding in the brain might not be good candidates for tPA or alteplase injections.
  • Doctors can also perform, intra-arterial thrombolysis procedure using a catheter and send it to the brain area and deliver tissue plasminogen activator directly in the field of the stroke.
  • A brain clot can also be removed using a stent retriever and is particularly beneficial for patients with large clots that don’t respond well to tPA.
  • Endovascular therapy uses microcatheters inserted into the blood clot from the groin or the arms.
  • Carotid endarterectomy surgery can help removes plaque from arteries. In the Carotid endarterectomy procedure, a surgeon makes a tiny incision in the front of the neck to expose the carotid artery and removes any plaque that is blocking the carotid artery then closed using a skin graft. Carotid endarterectomies can help reduce the risk of additional ischemic strokes but are risky for some patients, especially those with heart disease or other conditions like rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Stents & Angioplasty surgery also use the carotid arteries. A balloon device is inserted in the carotid then inflated to help expand the narrowed artery or support the vessels

Treatment for Hemorrhagic Strokes

The goal of hemorrhagic stroke treatment is to control/stop the bleeding and reducing any extra pressure on the brain.  Medications for Hemorrhagic strokes include warfarin (Jantoven, Coumadin,) anti-platelet medications such as Plavix (clopidogrel) to help prevent blood clots. Note anti-clotting medications and some blood thinners can conflict with stem cell therapy. Other medicines for Hemorrhagic strokes are used lower intracranial pressure, lower blood pressure, prevent seizures, or prevent vasospasm.

  • Surgical blood vessel repair can also be used to treat blood vessel abnormalities caused by hemorrhagic strokes. This procedure is done after an aneurysm, stroke, arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or any other types of vascular malformations that are caused by hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Surgical clippings are tiny clamp placed at the bottom of the aneurysm, to try to stop blood from flowing into it. These clamps also keep the aneurysm from re-bleeding or bursting.
  • Endovascular embolization or “Coiling” can be done via a catheter to fill the aneurysm, which then blocks any blood flow to the aneurysm and helps the blood to clot as it usually does. Surgical AVM removal can be used to reduce any risk of rupture and also lowers the risk of having another hemorrhagic stroke. Due to the risks associated with AVM removal surgery, highly focused radiation known as Stereotactic radiosurgery is used as a minimally invasive treatment to repair vascular malformations.

Stents for Stroke Patients

Stem Cell Treatment for Strokes

stem-cell-differentiationStem cell treatment for Brain Strokes offers an effective alternative medical treatment to target and repair the brain tissue damage to try and recover lost functions along with measurable neurological improvements.(23305673)

Traditional treatments for stroke patients can only manage the symptoms but cannot do much to try to repair the damaged tissue or replace the dead cells. Exosome therapy using neural stem cell growth factors help target the underlying cause of the patient’s injury and not just mask the symptoms. Neural stem cell transplants are safe and painless to inject and have shown to survive transplantation and begin differentiating into new neurons in the patients brain tissue. In addition to the replacement of damaged cells, replacement therapy can also induce endogenous neural precursors that help boost the brain’s’ structural neuroplasticity, regulate pro-inflammatory cytokines and the neuronal apoptotic death process. To learn about stem cells visit here.

Reverse Stroke Damage Naturally

The damage to the brain is usually done when the proper flow of oxygen and blood is stopped or blocked for some time. It is critical to get an immediate medical intervention to try to restore the normal circulation of blood and oxygen to the brain and avoid long term damage. We typically recommend having active treatments like neural stem cell replacement as quickly as possible following a stroke to avoid the chances of lesions forming which lead to scar tissue that cannot be repaired after a certain length of time causing permanent paralysis with peripheral neuropathic pain in ischemic stroke patients

Improvements after Stroke Therapy

Neural stem cell therapy uses the paracrine cell signaling method to target the damaged part of the brain’s neural circuitry that controls motor functions. The cells are first enhanced in our stem cell lab then injected intravenously, via a proprietary stem cell nebulizer treatment to deliver cells near the motor neuron tracts close to the lesions in an attempt to promote regeneration and repair through the section of Cytokines and nerve growth factors. The benefits are gradual; however, most patients show immediate improvements after the first or second infusions and continue to show improvement 3-6 months post-therapy. The results are permanent but will require consistent physical and speech rehabilitation after treatment to allow the brain to return to proper function, especially for cases with cerebral hemorrhaging and cerebral infarction.(22299451)


Other noticeable Improvements of Stem cell therapy for Strokes include:

  • Improved physical coordination and posture
  • Improved speech with decreased symptoms of facial palsy
  • Improved lower body movements
  • Ability to stand unassisted
  • Improved hand-eye coordination with improvements in fine motor skills especially with hands, fingers, and toes
  • Increase in overall muscle strength
  • Improvements in overall cardiovascular health & blood circulation
  • Reduction in muscle tension
  • Improved sensations in face and limbs

Stem cells are a breakthrough technology but do have limitations. Based on research and experiences, the most successful patients’ recoveries happen for patients who start intervention treatment very early after the incident. Lack of oxygen to the brain can cause rapid damage and failure to other vital organs.(19017556) If you or a loved one are unable to get stem cell therapy quickly after a stroke we recommend daily use of a hyperbaric oxygen chambers, External counterpulsation therapy (ECP), pulsed electromagnetic therapy (PEMFT) to areas on the back of the patients head, neural growth factors,nutritional iv injections and/or periodic acceleration therapy (pGz).

Please Note stem cell therapies for strokes are not effective for all cases. Treatment brain injuries, cerebrovascular insults (CVI), cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) such as Strokes depends on the age of diagnosis and severity. Patients with undiagnosed complications, blood clotting disorders, heart failure, cerebrovascular accident related complications or travel limitations will not qualify.

Stroke Cell Therapy Overview

right-left-side-after-strokeA Stem cell-based stroke protocol offers great potential to restore physical functions after stroke. Neural stem cell transplantation can use used to replaced damaged or dead neurons and promote neurogenesis by modulating inflammation, axonal plasticity, remyelination, angiogenesis providing neuroprotection for existing cells. The enhanced brain stem cell protocol for the treatment of neurological conditions such as SMA, Traumatic brain injuries, Parkinson’s, ALS, Motor Neuron Disease and ataxia have been optimized for therapeutic benefits and minimize risks associated with stem cell treatments. The strength and scope of any treatment will depend primarily on the patient current physical needs. The treatment we offer is thorough and will require 2 – 4 weeks in Bangkok depending on the severity.

Physical & Speech Rehab After Treatment

Physical and Speech Rehabilitation is highly recommended after a stroke treatment and can be provided at a local hotel facility upon request. We can also assist in finding certified physical or speech rehabilitation with an accredited therapist in your home country depending on where you live. Medical visas and accommodations for an extended stay at serviced apartments are provided upon request.

Stroke Treatment Guidelines

Due to varying degrees of severity, our medical team will need to review the patients’ medical records and diagnostic imaging results. Once the medical review is complete, we can know if the patient is a good candidate or not and provide a fixed cost for the entire treatment.  To help us make an accurate assessment and provide a detailed treatment plan, our medical staff will need to review the recent medical records, including any imaging results from Brain MRI’s or CT Scans. (Test Results less than three months old are required for treatment evaluation)

To begin the pre-qualification process for our multi-stage stroke treatment, please contact us today.

Request Evaluation

Published Clinical Citations



  • Hello, guest
  • Dear sir, may I know something that if some one getting stroke and paralysis is 5 hours and more long then tPA injection is still need and can get effectiveness or not ?
  • Dear mr/mrs, I am now 51 years and live in the Netherlands. In 2017 february 9th a had a stroke.A brainstem stroke. I had a headache since october 2016. At the Maastad hospital they made 2 mri scans and they could not find anything. In late january 2017 they found (after a 2 color ct scan) that in my brain the blood flows in one certain vein both side. During that time my bp and blood sugar was always oke. Still my bp and blood sugar is oke. But now i am paralyzed on my right side and i have difficulties with my speech. Is there hope for me. What are the cost for stem cell treatment. How long do you have to stay there.
    • Support Team
      Hello Mi, Thank you for contacting us. We have emailed you information that you requested about treatment for brainstem stroke.
  • Hi My husband named Nandish who is 38 years old got bleed in brain stem and it's been 3 weeks now.  As per CT scan 50% blood has been diluted and from past one week he has control on breathing but no conscious yet. And Dr.  Said his left body is paralysed BP is fluctuating and trying to control that through medicines.. Please let us know what are our next steps and how, will he be able to come back to his normal life 
    • Support Team
      Hello Mrs Nandish, Thank you for contacting the Regeneration Center. Based on the information provided your husband would not be a good candidate for treatment of Brainstem hemorrhage as it would not be safe for him to travel safely to Thailand. Please continue to work with his primary care neurologist to stabilize his condition and contact us again when he gets discharged from the hospital.
  • My dad had a major hemorrhagic stroke on this past Friday and now he is in a coma. According to the doctors, the bleed damaged about 75% of his brain, although his body still has it's natural reflexes. His doctors seem to be taking a traditional conservative approach and state that we don't have any options but to let him pass away. I am writing to see if there is a way to reverse the stroke damage using stem cells? Time is definitely of the essence and I would greatly appreciate if someone can contact me as soon as possible. Thank you.
    • Support Team
      Hello Mrs Tonya, Thank you for contacting us about your treatment for hemorrhagic brain stroke. An email was sent to you with the information requested.
  • My father had a pretty massive right side hemorrhagic stroke affecting the basal ganglia region in January. fortunate for us that he was at home when it happened but our docs told us it was pretty severe requiring a craniectomy and ventricular drains  to help with the pressure and hematoma. Its been a few months, and he is responsive but says he feels pain on both sides. He was lucky to not be be paralyzed but his quality of life has really gone down. Our doctors have not really given us any options and we are afraid of losing him. Is there a way to reverse stroke damage using stem cells? please contact me as soon as possible.
    • Support Team
      Hello Mrs McKeown. We have emailed you the information you requested.
  • My wife suffered a hemorrhagic stroke some 12 months ago. She is paralyzed on the right side of her body and has no speech but 100% cognition. Her physio sessions have greatly improved her muscle and body control on the left side. She becomes very emotional unpredictably and untypically aggressive. Any information as to medications that may be recommended/not recommended would be appreciated as would any other suggestions
  • My Dad had an intercranial hemmoraghic stroke approx 2 years ago on 2/3/15. He has right side paralysis and severe aphasia. I am interested in further information regarding treatments.. He has MRIs and neuro reports. Thanks Tara Dolen (daughter)
  • My wife is 57 and she suffered a haemorrhagic stroke June 2016. She has had a partial recovery but has no movement in her left hand and arm but she is now starting to get slight movement in left leg following physiotherapy and acupuncture and can stand with help but cannot transfer yet. Her speech is good and her right hand side is good with only slight weakness. What help can you offer.
    • My wife is 55 and she suffered a stroke March 2016. She has had a partial recovery and initially no movement in her left hand and arm and leg but she is now starting to get slight movement in her left hand and arm and good recovery of her left leg movement following physiotherapy and acupuncture and can stand and walk. Her speech is excellent and her right hand side is excellent as well. What help can you offer.
  • Hello My name is Raida but writing in regards to my mother who had a stroke about 7 months ago. She is completely paralyzed; can't talk or speak. I am inquiring in regards to treatment.
  • M Y Dad is 88 and had a Ischemic Stroke Feb ruary 28 2015. Right side effecting left. He can move leg and arm but cannot use hand yet. Walks slowly with o ne sided walker an d help. Is he good can didate for stem cell therapy? He Iives inHagerstown MD
  • I am a 62 year old hemorrhagic stroke survivor.I had my stroke April fools day of last year.I have paralysis on my left side and 75% of my head. I also have drupping on my right side of face and no feeling on right side of mouth when I chew. PLEASE help me. My son ,Michael was supposed to email you my medical records from George Washington Hospital. Either let my son or myself know how to procede. Sincerely, Mark Kotsatos
  • I am 51 years old lady.i had ischaemic stroke in 2012, paralysed my right side.since then I continuously felt tired right leg and hand remain weak, cannot regain my stregth, coordination and normal function despite continuous physical therapy.pls help me.i m missJ.M MOFOKENG.
  • My name is Laura and I am a stroke survivor. It has been 1 year now since my last hemorrhagic stroke. I used to love playing the piano but now cannot even eat properly. I have very poor strength and very little coordination in my left hand. Am i a candidate for stroke stem cell therapy? I do not have a problem staying in Thailand for 2-3 weeks or longer as long as i know your treatment will help me. Please contacts me.
  • Im 55 years old and recently suffered a hemorrhagic stroke caused by right gangliocapsular bleed. Im recovering very very slowly and my doctors here are not offering any type of hope or treatment plan to repair the brain damage. I realize brain injuries are difficult but i do not want my condition to get worse. There is still very little prgress in my hand movements and speech is difficult. Its taking me 20 minutes just to type this. I read about your treatment with enhanced msc cells and am wondering if your brain stem cell therapy can help me recover some or all of my movements. I have a recent brain MRI and reports from my neurologists. I also have no problem staying there for 2 or 3 weeks or longer for rehab if needed. can you pleas help me get better. please contact me with phone. thank you charlie
    • Support Team
      Hello Mr Kubiak We have emailed you the information requested for treatment of your hemorrhagic stroke. Thank you