ncellsmnd

Stem Cell Treatment for Motor Neuron Disease MND

UPDATED August 07, 2019 – Motor Neuron Disease or MND is a rapidly progressive neurological disease which damages motor neurons that are essential for us being able to control our movement. Motor neurons are mostly just nerve cells that are responsible for managing muscles in the body to move. The paracrine cell communication system is responsible for carrying out signals from your brain to your muscles. People can perform movements through a complex process involving neurons. Nerve cells from the brain transmit messages to the nerve cells in the spinal cord, which are then distributed to different muscles in the body. If a person’s motor neurons are not functioning well, they will experience significant problems with his or her movements, such as walking, standing up, turning, breathing, eating, speaking, and swallowing.

cell-comparison-neural

Types of MND

MND disorders are a family of conditions, and there are several classifications of motor neuron diseases depending on the patient symptoms and underlying causes, including:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – ALS is the most well-known type of neurological disorder in the MND family. Famous cases of people with MND include Stephen Hawking, David Niven and Lou Gehrig who had Bulbar ALS. This is a very rare disease that affects the muscles of the legs, arms, respiratory system, and mouth. Incidence rates for ALS are higher in men and women ages 50 and up.
  • Progressive muscular atrophy (PMA) is also a slow-moving variation of ALS and causes progressive muscle wasting in the legs, arms and mouth area
  • Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is another form of upper or lower motor neuron disease that is not usually fatal but advances slightly slowly than ALS. PLS in children is known as juvenile primary lateral sclerosis
  • Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic variant of MND that primarily affects children. There are three types of this disease and is caused by a mutation in the SMA1 gene and affects the legs and arms areas
  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy (PBP) is a type of MND that affects the brain stem region. Patients diagnosed with ALS can also have progressive bulbar palsy (bulbar als,) and PBP symptoms include frequent choking, difficulty eating, speaking or swallowing

Signs & Symptoms of Motor Neuron Disease

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), motor neurone disease (MND)

Early symptoms of MND often affect specific areas in the body before it eventually spreads to other areas. Early diagnosis is critical to manage this condition and improve overall survival so essential to visit a neurologist after any early symptoms. There are typically three stages of MND including early, middle, and advanced (terminal MND)

Early stage symptoms of MND are often confused with other types of unrelated neurological disorders, and frequently, the diagnosis is changed after further testing. The initial signs and warning signals of MND depend upon where the disease manifests first. Typical symptoms for patients with onset MND are in the mouth ( bulbar) region, arms, legs, or lungs (respiratory system.)

Symptoms of Stage 1 MND include:upper-motor-neuron-lesions

  • Limb-onset disease resulting cramps, muscle pains and twitching
  • Weakening hand grip or premature fatigue
  • Weakness in the legs & arms
  • Bulbar-onset disease resulting in garbled or slurred speech
  • Difficulty with swallowing
  • Increased incidents of clumsiness or stumbling
  • Respiratory-onset disease which causes frequent shortness of breath
  • Lack of oxygen causing poor sleep or waking up with a headache

As MND gets more advanced, the symptoms get more noticeable after several functions in the body are affected.

Symptoms of MND Stage 2 include:

  • Progressively weaker limbs progressive muscular atrophy
  • Increase in muscle related pain spasms and twinges
  • Increase in Joint pain in the hips, knees or shoulders
  • Muscle atrophy causing limb muscles to shrink or be abnormally stiff
  • Reduction in rotation movements
  • Inability to control saliva resulting in Drooling
  • Frequent and uncontrollable bouts of yawning that can result in jaw pain
  • Worsening of speech as muscles in the throat area and mouth become weak
  • Frequent changes in emotional state or personality resulting in uncontrollable laughing or crying
  • Reduction in brain function and memory

Some secondary symptoms of advancing MND can include depression, persistent anxiety, and insomnia.

Symptoms of Advanced Stage MND (End-stage) – As the neurodegenerative effect worsen eventually, the patients are unable to eat, move, or breathe without assistance. At this stage, options are minimal, and stem cell therapy is likely not an option once the attacks have researched a phase of increasing body paralysis where patients cannot function without supportive care. Respiratory failure is typically the most common complications of MND that leads to patient death while others become unconscious or fall into a deep sleep from which they can pass peacefully.

diagnosis-of-mndCause & Pathophysiology of MND

MND is diagnosed when the motor neurons (nerve cells) in the spine and brain lose their function. Although a lot of research has been the underlying cause of MND is still unknown bit is generally attributed to environmental (sporadic) factors or familial (hereditary/genetic) causes or a combination of the 2. In 90% of cases with MND, the patient does not have a family history; however, genetic testing was not prevalent in previous generations, so this hypothesis is likely to be changed. Most researchers studying MND believe that the cause of neural dysfunction and premature neuronal death is probably a combination of damaging environmental and genetic factors. As humans gradually age, we lose the ability to repair the damage resulting in irreversible neurodegeneration. Research on MND, Strokes, and Parkinson’s Disease are continuing, and it involves attacking the immune and genetic factors, toxins, viruses, nerve growth factors that affect the activity of motor neurons. Other factors that are somewhat related to the development of MND are smoking, repeated head injuries as is with professional athletes in professional fighting, mixed martial arts, or the NFL. Residents of countries such as Japan, Guam, and New Guinea also have a much higher percentage chance of exposure to chemicals and radiation possibly due to current/previous military-industrial related activities.

Sporadic MND

Some causes for environmental/sporadic MND include:

  • RNA processing & Aggregates of Proteins – Abnormal clumps of protein are known as aggregates. These dysfunctional clumps are found in all cases of MND and develop inside the neurons and disrupt the normal workings of the motor neurons. The most likely aggregate is the marker TDP-43, which is a vital protein responsible for processing RNA instructions inside the cell. These genetic instructions are essential in replicating/repairing cells and if damaged due to the protein clumping the nerve cell will be unable to function properly
  • Mitochondria Dysfunction – The mitochondria provide energy for the cells allowing them to work normally. Patients with MND show damage to this system due to the accumulation of proteins inside the mitochondria, causing them to be unable to regulate energy production inside the cells.stem-cells-for-Motor-Neuron-disease
  • Damage to Glial cells – Glial cells are the most common cell types in the central nervous system and provide support for neurons and help relay information between cells, provide nutrients and insulation between other supporting motor neuron cells.
  • Cell Transport disruption occurs when cells are unable to dispose of toxic waste within the cells. The toxic waste within neurons is removed by antioxidants using containers of waste known as microvesicles. If this waste transportation system becomes disturbed, it can result in a buildup of toxic waste, causing abnormal cell activity. Some research has found links between MND and deficiencies in antioxidants. It is also not enough evidence to suggest that diet alone can be used to treat deficits in antioxidants.
  • Glutamate Toxicity – Nerve cells use chemical messengers known as “Neurotransmitters” to send information between cells. There is evidence that for some patients an overproduction or hypersensitivity to glutamate occurs which causes over-excitation of the nerve cells resulting in apoptosis (cell death)

Environmental vs. Familial MND

It’s important to note that the symptoms for familial and sporadic MND are nearly identical and can only be differentiated on the genetic level.  The causes of motor neuron disease and Multiple Sclerosis are still unknown. Various environmental factors have been identified to lead to neurodegenerative disease possibly and can include exposure to environmental toxins, heavy metals like lead, pesticides, DDT, dieldrin, chemical exposure, serum uric acid, toxaphene, and organochlorines.

Evidence is still inconclusive, but some other linked environmental factors for MND include:

  • Severe traumatic brain injuries often misdiagnosed as ataxia or chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)
  • Repeat head injuries due to sports like MMA, Muay Thai boxing, and other contact sports
  • Physical trauma due to accident
  • Long term exposure to Electromagnetic fields
  • Other triggers include cancers and environmental contaminants.

Genetic Screening for MND

Mutations in a human gene happen when the set of instructions (inside the cells) get damaged in some way. This results in the same error being replicated in new cells, which causes dysfunctions like MND. Familial MND is rare but can only be verified using proactively testing for mutated genes. The fact that MND can be passed on genetically suggests that single mutations inherited from the parents may sometimes have a play a much more significant role in developing the condition later on in life. Clinical diagnosis for Hereditary MND necessitates mutations in at least 2 (or more) genes due to oligogenic inheritance.

The Regeneration center does not offer gene therapies for MND but does provide DNA mutation test for MND with confirmed diagnosis to determine if they have one or more mutated genes associated with heredity MND. We offer DNA gene sequencing tests for over 40 variants linked to MND,hereditary motor neuropathy (HMN), neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) disorders and genetic prion disease including: C9ORF72, ALS2, TBK1, SOD1, PRNP, DCTN1, SPG11, HEXB, TARDBP, KIF5A, FUS, OPTN, PFN1, SETX, CHCHD10, CHMP2B, MATR3, UBQLN2, VAPB, TFG, VCP,BCKDHA, BCKDHB, DBT, PPM1K, SIGMAR1, ATP7B and SQSTM1.

Tests & Diagnosis for MND

It can often be challenging to diagnose MND in the early stages because of the symptoms if MND is often similar to other neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease & multiple sclerosis (MS). El-Escorial-criteria-mnd For most patients, a general physician will recommend that a neurologist review the patient symptoms and request any additional diagnostic tests to confirm a diagnosis. A neurologist starts with a review of the patients’ complete health history and physical symptoms of the neurologic disorder.

Tests that are used to confirm MND include:

  • Blood and urine tests can be used to detect an increase in creatinine kinase (CK.) CK is an enzyme that is released with muscles break down and can be found in the brain, heart (especially after heart attacks,) skeletal system, and other tissues his is produced when muscle breaks down. Increase in the levels of creatinine kinase can be found in the blood tests of patients with neuronal diseases
  • Radiology using MRI or CT scan might not be able to detect the actual presence of MND but is used in the diagnostic phase to eliminate other conditions that display similar symptoms, such as brain strokes, traumatic brain injury or cancerous brain tumors
  • Nerve conduction test (NCT or NCS) along with Electromyography (EMG) tests are used to measure rates of electrical activity within muscles and to measure the actual speed of cell signals through the tissues.
  • Lumbar Puncture aka “Spinal tap” is a medical procedure used to extract and evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF.) CSF fluid surrounds and protects the brain, and spinal cord from trauma removes waste from cerebral metabolism and provides nutrients to the brain and nervous system
  • Muscle biopsies can also be used as a diagnostic tool to test muscle tissue. A tiny piece of muscle tissue is surgically removed, then examined through a microscope. A biopsy can help identify issues in the connective tissue, vascular system, nervous system, and musculoskeletal system
  • Genetic Tests are also used to screen for potential mutations found in patients with MND.

After the test is completed, a doctor can use inclusion criteria about the patient’s symptoms to determine if the patient has ALS. The most commonly used set of criteria doctors use to diagnose MND/ALS is the El Escorial criteria. (25482030)

The typical symptoms of upper motor neuron disease include frequent cramps, recent weight loss, the difficulty of swallowing, random muscle twitching, excessive muscle wasting or weakness, fatigue, slurred speech, and drastic emotional changes. Motor neuron disease cannot be reversed. The patient and his/her family have to make major adjustments to help cope with this disease. The average life expectancy of someone who is diagnosed with ALS or MND without any type of interventional treatment is 1 to 5 years. There are different types of MND, and many of them can be fatal if left untreated. Patients with neuronal disease can go through a plateau phase where symptoms remain stable for some time, but the condition will eventually worsen. Primary Lateral Sclerosis is a type of MND that is less fatal and progresses gradually. As the disease progresses, people with MND will develop generalized paralysis, the difficulty of swallowing, loss of speech, and full dependence to other people in performing day to day activity. People who care for MND patients should also adjust to the deteriorating condition of the patient.(23985544)

types-neurons-bulbar-mnd-als

Stopping Progressive MND

Please note treatments for Motor Neuron Disease are much more effective in the earlier stages of the disease. New clinical trials and recent advances in neuro stem cell medicine using exosomes to bypass the blood-brain barrier has shown considerable promise in helping manage the progressive muscular atrophy much more effectively increasing both life expectancy and quality of life for patients with mild to moderate stage MND. (8855616) Any success relies on proper and consistent management in relieving symptoms. Muscle relaxants and prescribed Pain relievers such as morphine are not a long term solution and only mask the underlying brain degeneration. Stem cell treatment for motor neuron disease focuses on the underlying issues leading to rapid muscle atrophy and nerve cell death using isolated and expanded neural stem cells along with progenitor cells and neurotrophic growth factors that lead help to secrete growth factors that lead to neurogenesis and the production of three types of nerve cells including oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, and neuron cells. Motor neuron replacement can be isolated in the ventral horn, bran and innervate striated muscle induce the proliferation for new cells to try to restore proper function (25007389)

Mesenchymal Stem cells are un-specialized cells in your body that can change into any tissue or cell (neuro) in the human body. Stem cells are especially unique as they can reproduce and divide indefinitely. The treatment for Motor Neuron Disease with stem cells is non-surgical and minimally invasive. We offer several Stem cells treatment protocols for many diseases and disorders, including:

After Stem Cell Therapy for MND

To qualify for the treatment of nerve damage, upper motor neuron disease or lower motor neuron disease patients will be required to have an existing clinical diagnosis with tests to support the findings. A clinical diagnosis may take several months and include laboratory tests, such as MRI’s, Brain CT Scans, electromyography, nerve conduction tests, transcranial magnetic stimulation test (TMS), spinal taps, muscle biopsies, blood tests, and urinalysis. The Regeneration Center of Thailand offers functional medical treatments that focus primarily on repairing damaged or diseased tissues and replacement of the neural capacity through neural cells replacement therapy brought about by the rapidly degenerative disease. (24936617)

TREATMENT PRECAUTIONS & RISKS
Please Note that not all patients qualify for treatment of degenerative Neurological conditions such as Motor Neuron Disease. Patients with late stage, severe underlying conditions or travel restrictions may not qualify for the 2-3 week treatment protocol in Bangkok

MND Treatment Overview

types-of-neurons-neural-stemcell-treatmentThe actual protocol used will depend on the patients’ needs and current physical condition. The total stay required for treatment in our Bangkok facility ranges from 2 – 4 weeks, depending on the severity and protocol needed. The total number of neural cell infusions also vary based on the scale and severity of the patients’ condition. Our Motor Neuron protocol uses enhanced neural progenitor cells, somatic, and neuroprotective molecules. All treatment injections are administered via a combination of IV, Intrathecal, Nasal Nebulizer, or lumbar punctures as needed.

Rehabilitation for “MND” Motor Neuron Disease: Rehabilitation therapy will be required after the treatment. Physical Rehabilitation can take place after MND treatment in Thailand or any country in the world able to offer physical and speech rehabilitation services. Post-Treatment rehab facilities options will be provided upon requests. Medical visas and accommodations for an extended stay can also be included as necessary.

Guidelines for Treating MND

Due to varying degrees of severity, the total and exact cost for our stem cell therapy for motor neuron disease using neural stem cells will depend entirely on the patient’s actual medical needs. Our neurological stem cell team will need to better understand the patients’ needs before being able to offer a detailed treatment plan. Our neural regeneration protocol requires an initial medical review that can be done online or in person. To decide and provide an accurate and detailed treatment plan, our medical review team will require the patients’ recent medical records, including any diagnostic exams such as Brain MRI’s or CT Scans. (Test Results less than three months Old are needed to make a diagnosis)

To begin the pre-qualification process for our multi-stage MND treatment, please contact us today.

Request Evaluation

Published Clinical Citations

TREATMENT RELATED QUESTIONS

17 comments

  • Hello, guest
  • Hi! Im from Philippines My older sibling is now suffering MND but in a slow progession he is 27 years old only he wants to live and to have his own family but beacuse of this he failed to do his task , he is also suffering from difficulty in standing, walking and speaking.. How can we find cure for his disease i mean is there any agencies or any one who can help us to support him especially in sending him to the country to cure his disease? Im hoping that you can help us.. Thank You and godbless
    • Support Team
      Hello Mr Resty, Thank you for contacting the Regeneration Center. We have emailed you more information about your request for treatment of motor neurone disease.
  • Hello, my name is Rachel and my mother is called Linda, who is 52 years old. She was diagnosed with MND, more specifically Bulbar Palsy. We live in the UK and she started experiencing slightly slurred speak in August/September 2016 and was diagnosed in April 2017. Her speech has dramatically deteriorated over the last 5/4 months. She is still fit when walking and normally walks for around 2 hours with her dog each day. She has recently started experiencing problems with her fingers as she is slowing loosing the strength to operate normal day to day tasks. However the doctors say that she is still strong and were positive with her most recent tests. Can you please get back to me if you believe there is something you can do to help. Thank you!!
  • Hi there, My brother Paul aged 52 has been recently diagnosed with Upper MND. Looking back his symptoms started last August where he noticed he kept stumbling when walking. He lives in the UK. I live in Australia and have recently visited home to spend some valuable time with him. On my visit I have noticed he walks short distances with the aid of elbow crutches, has a stair chair lift as he finds it difficult to climb the stairs. his speech is becoming slurred and is taking numerous medications including Riluzole BD, he also has cardiomyopathy and diabetes. Are your treatments suitable for his stage in this illness and what would the costs be? Look forward to hearing from you, Cheers Trish
  • Good afternoon, I am 56 years old, living in Australia. Neurologist certain I have Motor Neurons Disease, still in the process of having nerve testing, MRI and Speeched Pathologist, I have not been formally diagnosed yet, will have Neurologist appt at end of February when all the other results are in, but I do have all the symtoms. My voice was the first to go where I slurr my words, I do have minor aches and pains in my arms but still able to perform all tasks. I am very interested in this Nerve Cell Treatment, I would be very interested in approximate costings. Are you able to send something to me Thank you
  • My husband has been diagnosed with radiation induced motor neuron disease. He is losing the use of his left arm following radiation & chemotherqapy treatments for mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the left submandibular gland. Earlier in his life (the 1970s) he was also treated with MOP radiation and chemotherapy for Hodgkins disease. Is your therapy showing any stabilization or improvement for patients with this type of MND?
  • I was diagnosed with ALS August 13/2015 I am intrested about stem cell. I went to India for treatment but after i get much worse. Please let me know ASAP if you can help me Thanks Valentina
  • I am in early stages of ALS and would like to known about your treatment please advise.
  • I was recently denied participation for a new clinical Trial at the Mayo Clinic in the US. They only accepted 20 participants for that MND trial. I have been looking elsewhere for an alternative buy my timeline is not helping. Originally i was diagnosed 2 years ago and hav taken Rilutek,Mexiletine, L-Serine and tirasemtiv but nothing has slowed down the progression. Im slowly getting weaker especially in my left arm. My breathing has slowed and swallowing is starting to become difficult. Your cell therapy looks similar to Neuralstem but im not sure. Am i a candidate for your treatment? I can send you all my checkups through mail please send me your mailing address.
  • My sistre was diagnosed with some lesions on brain 2 years ago but the doctors here change their mind and thought it was Lyme disease. She was then mistreated for Lyme with too much antibiotics with no result. Now the doctor go back to the original diagnosis of motor neuron disease. She wasted much time with wrong diagnosis and beginning to lose most use of upper body and arms as well. Can you please help us stop this disease before its too late? i dont expect miracle but we want to make sure her condition does not get worse especially "last stage". She recently take new MRI in Dubai and we can send you all the records. The doctors here and in Dubai only want us to increase dose of Riluzole but it has not shown to help her at all. I want to talk to you to see what your center can do. Thank you in advance.
  • My name is John , here I would like to ask , if the effect of fatigue on peripheral motor nerve and whether the consequences if the problem occurs ?
  • hi i am rasel from bangladesh..i have mnd problem my age23.my prolem start 2011.i am now normal but incrase hand cell..how can i do..i have some test of mnd.
  • hi can stem cell treatment cure motor neuron disease and if yes can australian be treated and at what time and price please
    • Support Team
      Hi Sharon. We do offer treatment options for MND depending on what type of condition the patient is diagnosed with. Is the patient diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), primary lateral sclerosis, progressive muscular atrophy, progressive bulbar palsy or pseudobulbar palsy? We will email you the information requested. Thanks.