UPDATED July 06, 2020 The human body contains two primary types of cells:
- Haploid cells
- Diploid cells
Haploid Vs Diploid – VIDEO
Haploid cells pertains to the number of chromosomes found in a gamete or represents half of the normal chromosome count in a particular somatic cells. The primary difference between haploid and diploid cells are the total number of chromosomes they consist of.
The haploids are also called gametes. During the process of meiosis, the homologous chromosomal pairs separate to produce 2 haploid daughter cells.
When sex cells such as egg and sperm meet, the combined genetic material creates a full 46 chromosomes becoming diploid.Thus human Sexual reproduction is designed as a natural method of producing genetically diverse offspring.
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Published Clinical Citations
 ^ Mahasup, Namfon, Paskorn Sritipsukho, Raweewan Lekskulchai, and Tippawan Hansakunachai. 2012. Effects of mirror neurons stimulation on motor skill rehabilitation in children with cerebral palsy: a clinical trial. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23964461
 ^ Easley, Charles A, Bart T Phillips, Megan M McGuire, Jennifer M Barringer, Hanna Valli, Brian P Hermann, Calvin R Simerly, et al. 2012. Direct differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into haploid spermatogenic cells. Cell reports, no. 3 (August 23). doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2012.07.015. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22921399
 ^ Matangkasombut, Oranart, Roongtiwa Wattanawaraporn, Keiko Tsuruda, Masaru Ohara, Motoyuki Sugai, and Skorn Mongkolsuk. 2009. Cytolethal distending toxin from Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans induces DNA damage, S/G2 cell cycle arrest, and caspase- independent death in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model. Infection and immunity, no. 2 (December 7). doi:10.1128/IAI.00857-09. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19995894