Neuron Synaptic Connections & The Function of Neurotransmitters

Stem Cell Regeneration Center Glossary, Neural Stem Cells

Neurons, often referred to as nerve cells, are the primary cells of the nervous system. They are specialized to transmit information throughout the body. Their function is essential for everything from reflexive responses to complex cognitive processes. Overview of neurons: Structure: Cell Body (Soma): Contains the nucleus and other organelles. It’s the main part of the cell where protein synthesis …