DNA – Deoxyribonucleic Acid

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DNA is also known as Deoxyribonucleic Acid. DNA is considered to the building block of the body and is found in the nuclei of all cells.  Found inside the nucleus the DNA strands are sets of chromosomes. Each set of chromosomes have a constriction point from where two arms are formed called the centromere. The shorter arm of the chromosome …


Stromal Cells Role in Immunoregulatory Function

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Stromal cells are the connective tissue cells for all organs in the human body. The most common types these cells in our bodies are Pericytes and Fibroblasts (skin cells) Stromal cells can be found in the: Liver Kidneys Mucous membranes Lymph nodes Prostate Ovaries Bone marrow Adipose Tissue Pancreas The primary function of the stromal cells are to support functions …


Daughter Cell from Mitosis Chromosomes

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The exact origin of the term “Daughter Cell” is unknown but it is believed the term comes from the result of asexual binary fission. The cells formation is asexual by definition, if the parent cells are considered to be “mother” cells, then the progeny would have to be of considered the same “gender” or “female daughters”, since the genetic material …


Mesoderm Development Extraembryonic Intraembryonic

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Mesoderm is the The middle part of the three germ layers and a derivative of a blastocyst inner cell mass. The mesodermal layer is composed of cells that have the ability to differentiate into muscle and bone cells, as well as kidney cells ,ligaments and connective tissues. For humans, the mesoderm is among the 3 primary germ cell layers. The other two …


Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells | iPS | iPSCs | hiPSCs

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Induced pluripotent stem cells or iPS cells are also known as IPSCs are a recent discovery and like STAP cells, have the potential to revolutionise regenerative medicine in the world. The IPS cells are lab created cells with the power to differentiate as great as the embryonic stem cell lines. In 2006, scientists identified four key genes in embryonic stemcells …