Cell Therapy for COPD
COPD, is short for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. COPD is progressive illness that makes it very difficult to breathe properly. “Progressive” means that COPD gets worse with time. One of COPD’s most common symptoms is heavy coughing. Coughing produces a lot of mucus (slimy substance in the body) causing chest tightness,wheezing and shortness of breath.
What Causes Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Video)
Cigarette smoking is generally regarded as one of the main triggers for COPD. Most people suffering from COPD are aslo usually light to heavy smokers. Long-term exposure to large amounts of lung irritants such as air pollution, dust,chemical fumes are also big contributors to people being diagnosed with COPD disease. To better understand COPD, its beneficial to know about the function of the lungs and how the breathing processes take place . The air coming in through the mouth goes straight to your windpipe, then to the bronchial tubes inside the lungs. Inside your lungs, there are also many other smaller, thinner tubes that branch out from the bronchial tubes called bronchioles.
The bronchioles are directly connected as a bunch of small round air sacs called the alveoli. The tiny blood vessels known as capillaries run inside the walls of the alveoli.As soon as air goes to the alveoli, the oxygen in the air goes through the air sac wall then into the blood through the capillaries. At the same time, the carbon dioxide waste gas goes into the air sacs coming from the capillaries. This procedure is known as a gas exchange.
The air sacs and the airways are quite flexible or elastic by nature. Every time you breathe the air sacs fill up like a little balloons. Whenever you breathe out, the opposite happens, the alveoli then deflates and air goes out.
COPD Treatment with Stem Cells
With COPD, there is much less air flows in and out of the airways due to one or more of the following reasons:
- Airways and air sacs shed their elastic abilities due to an underlying medical condition
- The walls between the air sacs or the alveoli are damaged or destroyed
- The walls inside the airways become inflamed and too thick for gas exchange
- Too much mucus is produced by the airways which causes it to clog the airways